vase cream overlaid mauve, signed Galle
Galle - Emile Galle
Emile Galle (1846-1904) was a major creative force in the Art Nouveau movement. He trained in Botany which would later influence the glass he produced. He began producing enamelled glassware mostly on clear glass in the 1870's. Designs influenced by classic ceramic forms. Natural themes, insects and flowers, began to figure in Galle's work. Cameo production, for which Galle was to become famous, was instigated following exhibitions in Paris containing English cameo glass. This style, coupled with the naturalistic themes of the Art Nouveau movement, became incredibly popular. His interest in enamels continued with pieces with Iznik and Persian influences. Cameo was originally made by Christian at Burgun Schverrer and Cie, but production had to be expanded to meet demand. In 1894 Galle opened a new factory at Nancy and glass was produced by several in-house designers, all pieces still bore the Galle signature. Galle produced a wide range of creative innovative glass but much of the factory production was simplified ('application industrielles') for larger scale production. Galle died in 1904 and the factory was run by his widow and Victor Prouve, an influential designer. Prouve introduced some modernity. After the First World War cameo production continued but never caught the spirit of the new age and became unpopular. Production ceased in 1936.